Battle of Tarrar Springs. The historic town of Lexington, South Carolina, is a direct continuation of the old provincial township of Saxe Gotha which township was one of eleven established in 1735 by the colonial government of King George II. Settlement of the backcountry was encouraged to serve as a protective buffer between powerful Indian tribes to the West and the older settled plantations of the low country. The territory of colonial Saxe Gotha covered most of present day Lexington County and was traversed by two important early Indian trails, the Cherokee Path which followed roughly modern U.S. Highway #378 and the Occaneechi Path, today U.S. Highway #1. These ancient trading paths and the highways which later developed served to develop the economy in the area. The first settlers came from various cantons, principalities and city-states of Germany and Switzerland. Others came down from Pennsylvania, and Virginia. Lexington is known for the Battle of Tarrar Springs which was fought during the Revolutionary War on November 16, 1781. After the war, Lexington County was established (1785), with the township of Saxe Gotha renamed to Lexington. The first courthouse was built at Granby, located just south of present day Cayce. From 1800 to 1868, the county was organized as a district with the same name.
Probate Records available to members of South Carolina Pioneers
Indexes to Probate Records
- Index to Lexington County Estates 1865-1900
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